Physical Resources Utilisation and Basic Schools Effectiveness in Kwara State, Nigeria


Bello, Yunus Kehinde
Adedeji, Israel Olusegun


This paper examined physical resources utilisation and basic schools' effectiveness in Kwara State. The research design used for this study was a descriptive survey. Three hundred and six (306) out of (1406) head teachers and teachers in the sampled schools were selected as respondents through proportional stratified random sampling techniques. A purposive sampling technique was used to select the head teachers and teachers in each senatorial district of the local government areas as the respondents in the study. Research instruments titled: physical resource utilisation questionnaire (PRUQ) and basic schools effectiveness questionnaire (BSEQ) were used to collect relevant data. Descriptive statistical techniques of frequency count, mean rating and rank ordering were used to answer the two research questions raised in the study while Pearson product- moment correlation statistic was used to test the hypothesis formulated in the study at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study showed that physical resource utilisation not adequately supplied in the sampled basic schools to achieve basic school effectiveness with 195 point. Level of utilisation was moderate with overall mean of 3.37. Also, a significant relationship exists between physical resource utilisation and basic school effectiveness in Kwara State, Nigeria (cal. p - value=<set p-value=0.05) It was recommended, among others that: assessment should be carried out before allocating physical resources to avoid over utilisation, under utilisation and wastage, the need for supplying and construction of classroom buildings, toilets, libraries and furniture in most of the schools to enhance proper arrangement and judicious use of the physical resources.


How to Cite
Kehinde, B. Y., & Olusegun, A. I. (2018). Physical Resources Utilisation and Basic Schools Effectiveness in Kwara State, Nigeria. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies, 6(10). Retrieved from